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“There s more to it than meets the eye. I m sure a lot of of you have come across this ancient english idiom well. I think you do yes want to share with you three different stories and then you decide for yourself whether you can really see what s there than meets. The eye let s get going my first story is about the story of the broken window.
So imagine this you re taking a nice stroll in the evening on a beautiful day. And you re admiring this wonderful showroom. Which is made of different pieces of glass windows and as you are continuing to admire this you suddenly notice one of the windows is broken into shatters and how did that happen well some kid randomly decided to do this piece of genius. And as you re trying to make sense of what s going on a guy standing next to you says you know what i love this glass.
But now that is broken. But there s a bright side to it and the bright side to it is that this is good for the economy. Okay this truck should be good destruction is never good. But then he goes on to explain so here s the explanation.
He says you see now that the glass is broken this glass needs to be replaced. So. The shopkeeper who owns this showroom has to spend money to get it replaced and then the guy who sells this glass will then spend that money let s say on restaurant and then the restaurant guy would perhaps spend that money on i don t know maybe to watch a movie and the chain reaction moves on so at the look fit. It appears like it s a good thing.
But remember there s more to it than meets the eye so if you dig deep you ll quickly realize that there s more to it and let me tell you what that is if let s say. The glass was not broken. Then the shopkeeper had the option of spending that same money on let s say going to the same restaurant and the same restaurant buying the same grocery and so on and so forth the same chain reaction you see in one case. You have the glass window and the whole chain and the other one you don t have the glass window decide for yourself.
Which is a more wealthier society. I hope i have triggered a few thoughts here this ladies and gentlemen is known as the broken window fallacy right. It was first constituted and expressed succinctly by frederic bastiat. Who was an austrian school economist.
Who comes from the libertarian point of view. That s just a side note. Though let s go on to the second story which offends how many of you got a savings bank account here yeah question to ask i m sure most of you your first bank account was a savings bank account. I imagine but what if i come around and tell you you know what that is not a savings bank account think about it most of us have been brought up to look at a savings bank account like a piggy bank.
You know where you keep depositing money and it s safe. There isn t it. But think about it does the piggy bank pay you interest. But the bank pays you interest you think they re doing charity.
Most of us don t realize that when you open a savings bank account. You become a net lender to the bank. You are a creditor bank in other words. It means is that the risk that the bank is taking by lending that money out to whoever it is you are part of the risk.
But you don t look at it that way if they re more to it than meets. The eye here s my third story for a lot of us. It s almost a lifelong dream to own a home in fact all over the world not just in india. And in fact.
I know for a fact that people work hard their entire lives. Save up a lot of money and even chile buy a home. So let s take the situation. Let s say you buy a home and for the sake of this example.
Let s keep things easier you have no loan on it in other words. There s no mortgage all right so here s my question to you do you own your home 100. I think the vast majority will say yes if there is no home loan. I own the home ask yourself again do you play a property tax on that if the answer is yes.
Then you need to think even more deeper simply because as per. The law. If you fail to pay the property tax. The authority to whom you owe this tax can put a lien on your property do you pay property tax on your mobile phone do you pay property tax on your laptop or whatever else so think about it i am.
Not saying or commenting whether the law is good or bad. No. I m just here to share a few facts again is there more to it than meets the eye definitely so here s my point in retrospect all of this seems obvious now right. But then why didn t occur to all of us these are everyday.
Examples these are not rocket science. If you think carefully today we live in a world where information travels at the speed of light. And you have access to that information at the fingertips. Yet.
We don t seem to get these obvious things and my own assessment of that is because of a very important tenet that i think a lot of us have given up on and that is thinking and let alone thinking. I m going to be talking about something even more exciting and that is called free thinking. So what is free thinking you may ask here s a quick definition of free thinking. It says positions regarding truth.
Should be formed on the basis of logic. Reason and empiricism rather than on authority tradition or dogma and if this sounds like one of those boring textbook definitions. Let me give you a more simpler. One simple words free thinking thinking thinking without constraints thinking without constraints would you all love to be in a world.
Where you could think freely and here s my question do we naturally prefer to be free thinkers in my experience. The answer has been a resounding yes all over the world that have been so. What is stopping us from being a free thinker. Well there are a bunch of things that we can think of it could be our social upbringing.
It could be the culture you brought in it could be your prejudice. It could be the environment you live. I mean there could be one too. Many these are the more obvious ones.
But i want to share with you the ones. Which are not all that obvious so i have put together common impediments to free thinking. So let s see what they are number one on this list is subliminal autosuggestion. Now in one of the heavy topics.
But let me simple it down for you what would come to your mind. If i say i m loving it mcdonald s what comes to your mind. If i say just do it hey did you ever sit down and practice it everyday morning 100 times. Yet you are able to respond to it in a flash of a second ladies and gentlemen that is subliminal autosuggestion.
Where the thought has been implanted in your mind. Without your consciousness. Fyi. These are the positive ones.
So think about all the negative ones that have been embedded in your mind without even your knowledge so every time you find yourself responding in a flash of a second ask yourself who is trying to do the subliminal autosuggestion on me the next one is time effects. What s a paradigm. A paradigm is nothing more than a set pattern that for example. This venue has a bunch of rules governed within this paradigm.
Our country has a certain paradigm for example in india. You need to drive on the left side of the road. That s the. Paradigm we.
Live if you are abroad let s say in the us. You are driving on the right side that s the paradigm. So that is like a box. The perimeter.
Which has been drawn now as far as thinking is concerned ask yourself is there a box around it and that is where that great dialog comes from thinking out of the box. And some people like to think out of the box. Some people like to think inside the box. But i am more concerned about part of the box.
Because that is what we figure out whether you are in or out. So ask yourself that question next is dogma dogma by far is the most dangerous of them. All dogma is essentially a bunch of rules or regulations laid down by a certain authority and everybody is is expected to follow them regardless. But i like the definition that steve jobs once used in one of his speeches.
He says dogma is the result of living with other people s thoughts. Let that sink in for a moment and next time you find yourself following somebody for whatever reason. It is or for the lack of reason. It is ask yourself is that dogma so these are the ones.
Which are not so obvious right i mean by no means. This is an exhaustive list. This is purely out of my experience so in order to counter attack this like an anecdote. I have put together a free thinking toolkit that you could perhaps use to be a free thinker.
And again fyi. This is not an exhaustive list. The first one is etymology. What s etymology etymology is the study of words well do words come from what do they mean and they have a huge impact on our understanding let me give you a quick example.
I m sure you all have come across the word enthusiasm. Yes. Where does the enthusiasm come from from an etymological standpoint. It comes from the word n from greek.
Which means if you split it in three us n in latin means in here. Us comes from etymologically. Another word called theo. Which means god now if you don t believe god strike it down replace that with energy.
And what that means is anything us is god within me or energy within me. Do you think you have a new perspective towards the word enthusiasm now ask yourself what is the etymology of the word. Because the words have the power of accumulating knowledge behind them because words don t come first meaning comes. First and then the word comes to express that so therefore understanding.
The word is of paramount importance the next arrow on the toolkit is the art of questioning voltaire. Once said was a great french philosopher judge. A man by the questions he asks and not the answers. He gives or to be more precise judge.
A man by the questions he asks and not his answers. If you want to get the right answer you need to ask the right question. And in fact. Toyota are very famously created with smaadahl to figure out what is the real problem and to find real solutions.
The root cause as they say. It s called the five whys keep asking why five times on the same subject by the time you get to the fourth and fifth. Why you not only understand the problem. Very.
Well you probably will also find the solution to it my next arrow on the toolkit is figure out. What is the thought behind the thought just as the way for every action. There is a sub action for every part. There is a sub part so for example.
We are all used to using a lot of internet services like google facebook and most of them are free for us. We don t pay for them is that right. But then how do these companies survive. Then how do they make money a lot of us don t think about it.
But if you think of quality. You will quickly realize they are not selling their platform or services or products. They are selling you and they re selling your data now again. I m not saying.
It s a bad thing. All i m saying is you should know what s going on free thinking is all about removing the clutters and seeing for really are and here s my last one and my personal epistemology. What is the epistemology mean epistemology asked the great question how do i know that i know for example. If i ask you what is the color of the seed that you re seated on you quickly say orange.
But how do you know it s orange. You would probably say oh i was taught that in school. How does the school know oh you know the book that is says. This is orange.
How does the book. Know the author knows so how does the author know well he learned it in his school and you can keep going on on this journey. Until you have to come to a point. Where you have to say that this is a self evidencing truth in simple example.
If i have to take one more. If somebody asks you through. There is son s. Un.
The easiest answer is just take a walk out and since it s daytime. You would probably find son. But if it says no no true son to me you cannot take a torch and point out to the sun. You see the stability in that approach.
Because sun is a self evidencing truth. So please try to understand what is the epistemological origin of anything that you are told or anything that you are taught and if you think you have never done this before let me give you an instance in your life. When you have done this back. When you were in high school.
I think most of a studied geometry and in geometry. One of the common axioms to be proved to be theorem was proved that diameter is two times the radius and as you started to work on the proof. One of the first lines. You wrote in that and in the assumption.
You wrote given us here are my azzam. But given a circle is an assumption in itself. How do you know it s a circle. The circle is defined based on the radius and diameter is that right.
But you are trying to prove their relationship so you cannot use the same word to define itself. This is called a regressive loop makes no sense so what i m trying to get to is whenever you try to explore and understand a new concept you have to start somewhere and then go and validate it and understand where comes or where does the epistemological origin exist so guys here s a quick test for all of you to answer. These questions to yourself and figure out if you are a free thinker. Let s go first one do you ever adopt a belief.
Without considering all the variables around it i don t know don t answer me that s for yourself here s the next question do you know why you love or hate something next question. Do you just accept all the new trends and fads that come into the market and if so do you change them when the fads and trends change. I m not going to give any response to any of this it is for you to contemplate and think. And this is i think by far the most important are you comfortable to deal with people around you who have completely opposite principles or beliefs than yours and still look at them objectively.
This is one of the highest levels of free thinking. If you can my humble opinion. Though here are a couple of quotes that i would like to mention on my way out good. Once said none are more hopelessly enslaved than those who falsely believe they are free and for all of you who are thinking that free thinking sounds exciting sounds wonderful.
But it s not an easy thing to do here s a bit of advice or should. I say word of encouragement from george bernard shaw. Who s the reasonable man tries to adopt himself to the world. The unreasonable.
One persists in trying to adopt the world to himself. Therefore all progress depends and look at the choice of words. Depends on the unreasonable man nothing ever great has been achieved or will be achieved in my opinion. If we don t open up our minds towards free thinking towards the ability to think without a clutter.
And my third and final excuse me not really a coat. It s more like the summary of the fourth chapter. 37. The words of the bhagavad gita.
Which says the fire of knowledge will burn the darkness of ignorance. Let that sink in for a moment. The fire of knowledge will burn the darkness of ignorance ladies and gentlemen. It s my sincere belief that free thinking is that one powerful tool not the only powerful tool.
But one of the most powerful tools that i believe can help you ignite that fire of knowledge that will burn your darkness of ignorance and therefore free thinking is an idea worth spreading thank you very much applause ” ..
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“In the talk, the speaker – Vishwanath Gurlhosur who is an Entrepreneur, Facilitator and a practicing Freethinker himself — brings to the foray the various aspects of our lives that blinds our thought process and clutters our view of reality. Which leads us to delusion and incapacitates our ability to see through the noise.nnThrough easy to follow examples, he illustrates how we miss the obvious in our daily lives and what makes us miss them, to begin with. He follows that up with a few basic tools that anyone can use to begin their lifelong journey towards FreeThinking as a way of life. An engineer by qualification, an entrepreneur, facilitator u0026 design thinker by expertise, hobby economist by passion but most importantly Vishwanath Gurlhosur is a free thinker by his heart, soul and mind.nnHe has co-founded two start-ups out of which one of them was chosen for the prestigious Start-up Chile global accelerator program in 2015 and has co-founded online communities called Flavours of India and FreeThinker s Tribe nnVishwanath has taught technology, entrepreneurship, innovation u0026 design thinking at notable universities in Santiago, Chile in Latin America under the capacity of an adjunct professor and has been a facilitator for Organizational Development workshops and programs across India for about 9 years now. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx”,
TEDxTalks, English, Life, Behavorial economics, Creativity, Freedom