“Friends and welcome to another lesson. Nwell are you someone who writes a lot emails. Emails. Reports documents and well sometimes you nstretch your sentences.
A bit too long. If are one of them then lesson is for you nso in today s lesson. We are going to look at how to use a comma. Okay before and hmm na.
Little weird. A little strange do we even use a comma before and well for those who ndidn t know i have news for you and that is yes. We do and for those who know that nwe do use a comma. But area little confused well hold on and let s start the lesson do we even use a comma before and well for nthose.
Who didn t know i have news for you and that is yes we do and for those who know nthat. We do use a comma. But area little confused well hold on and let s start the lesson now nwhen do we use a comma. If i have a sentence that says john took.
Piano classes for 16 nyears. And today. He is a great performer now in such a sentence. I would put a comma before nand now if you are going to ask me why i have something to tell you john took piano nclass lessons for 16 years now if you see this part of the sentence.
It s an independent nclause. So what s an independent clause. An independent clause is a sentence where there nis a subject and there s a verb and the sentence can stand. Alone independent right so even nif.
I stop at john took piano lessons for 16 years. It makes complete sense in itself nokay. But i m coordinating it with another clause that says and today. Remember i have nput a comma before and and today.
He is a great performer. Now. This is also an independent nclause. Okay that means.
It has a subject and verb and it can stand alone. It has a ncomplete meaning in itself. So today. He is a great performer alright.
So what most people nwould do when they confused is put a full stop and start a new sentence. But well you ncan join two independent clauses two clauses that can stand alone by themselves by putting na comma..
Before and now a similar structure. If i say john took piano lessons for 16 years. Nokay and today is a great performer. So fine this can stand by itself.
But if you see the nother part of the sentence. Today is a great performer does this make sense no what do nyou mean by today is a great performer. The subject is missing so when the subject is nmissing you can just put. And today is a great performer alright.
So this is not an independent nclause and so you do not use a comma before and nwhereas. There are two independent clauses they both make complete sense in itself. But nwhen i coordinate them i join them i put a comma before and alright. So remember when nyou are confused.
Do i have to put a comma before and put this to test. And you will nhave your answer let s take another example the storm damaged nthe city okay now supposing i stop here and i tell you hey you know what the storm damaged. Nthe city is this is an independent clause. Yes.
Because it has a meaning in itself. Okay. Nand. Now.
Let s see if there is another independent clause. And then we could decide whether we nshould use a comma or not and many people were left without electricity. A casual sentence nmany people were left without electricity. It s independent does it make sense if i ntell you many people were left without electricity.
Yes. It makes sense because it s got a subject nit s got a verb so what happens is you have two independent clauses you have and joining nthem. But remember you always use a comma before and because two sentences that make ncomplete sense by themselves are coming together with the help of and but don t forget to put na comma okay now the similar one the storm damaged nthe city and left many people without electricity the storm damaged the city fair enough now nif. I say left many people without electricity is it a sentence by itself.
No there is no nmeaning. I mean if someone told you left. Many people without electricity no sense. So this nis not an independent clause.
Okay. And so you do not add a comma before and so you ndon t to add a comma before and so the rule is yes. When do we use a comma before and nwhen you have two independent clauses again. I m saying independent clause.
Means a sentence nwith. A subject and a verb..
They are independent. They can stand alone with full meaning and nmake sense. When you join them there are times in reports and emails. You need to complete nthat thought remember you use a comma before and but when they are not independent.
Clauses. Nthere is no subject and a verb in the second part you do not use a comma before and like nthese sentences. So rule. 1.
Remember use a comma before and when you have two independent nclauses coordinating or you joining them together. Now the second usage. When you talk about 3 nitems. In a sentence or three things you use a comma just before the last item.
So and nbefore the end. Okay. The song was composed by harry. He is the first person or thing nwe are talking about in this case.
He is a person lara. Now and sarah now a lot of npeople would debate and say her we don t need to use a comma before and well there nare a lot of people who are not comfortable doing it. But grammatically and in the sentence. Nformation sense you need to use an apostrophe before and when there are three items or three nthings or three people you talk about in a sentence.
So remember when you are talking nabout your colleagues. You are drafting a report may be giving credits in your presentation. Nand sarah a comma before that okay and let s take another example. The meal nconsisted of okay so let s see how many things we are talking about a soup that s one ntwo salad.
Okay and macaroni and cheese. Now this is a little different. We have okay nwhen two words are used together. Always or they come in a pair and they always come with nand like macaroni and cheese jeans and a t shirt.
Yeah. You still use an apostrophe nyou count this as the third thing that we are talking about and you still use a comma nnot. An apostrophe you still use a comma before and okay so rule. Two is when you have three nthings or people that you talk about or you write especially when you write remember nyou use a comma before the and of the third item.
Even if you have them in pairs. They nalways come with and remember use a comma don t forget these two simple basic rules nwhen you are writing and when you need to use a comma before and okay friends this brings me to the end of nthis lesson. I do have a small test for you to see whether you have understood when to nuse a comma before and do put in your scores. ” .
Thank you for watching all the articles on the topic Using COMMA before AND Advanced English Lesson . All shares of thetruthaboutdow.org are very good. We hope you are satisfied with the article. For any questions, please leave a comment below. Hopefully you guys support our website even more.
“Using COMMA before AND Advanced English Lesson nnIn this Advanced English lesson, you will learn when to use a comma before and . When we write emails, official documents or reports, we get confused as we do not know when to use a comma before the word and .nUsing COMMA before AND Advanced English Lesson nnIn two situations we should use a comma before and . nWhen “and” is being used to coordinate two independent clauses. An independent clause also known as a main clause is a group of words that has a subject and a verb and can stand alone as a sentence. nnIn the following example, the independent clauses are in brackets.nnExample: [John took piano lessons for sixteen years , and [today he is an accomplished performer .nnExample: John took piano lessons for sixteen years and today is an accomplished perform. (no comma is used before and as these are not independent clauses)nnExample: [The storm damaged the city , and [many people were left without electricity . Both the sentences in the brackets are independent clauses and can stand alone. In such a case, use a comma before and when joining these two sentences.nnExample: The storm damaged the city and left people without electricity. (there are no independent clauses and so no comma is used before and )nnUse a comma before and when we have three or more items in a series.nnExample: The song was composed by Hary, Lara, and Sarah.nnExample: The meal consisted of soup, salad, and macroni and cheese. (use a comma before and even if the last item on the list is complementing another one by using and).”,
English lessons, Free English, English lesson, English video, vocabulary, business English, Grammar, learn grammar, English speaking, spoken English, learn E…